四川时时彩qq群 www.ibajb.tw S: The subjunctive mood is used when we want to express a wish, request, recommendation or report of a command.
S: Also, the subjunctive mood is used to express something that is contrary to the fact, highly unlikely or doubtful.
T: Exactly. How can we show our feelings in such situations? We can use the following two sentence structures to express our regretting. 1. Subject + wish + Object Clause Time now Verb wish Object clause would do / could do / were / did past future wished wish had been / done would do / could do / were / did 2. “If” clause ..., main clause... Time now Verb were / did Main clause Would / could / should / might do past had done Would / could / should / might have done future were / did were to do should do Samples: Fact not getting a ticket(If I got a ticket,) Request watch the game(I could watch the game.) I would fly freely in the sky. Subjunctive mood I wish I watched the basketball games. Would / could / should / might do not having wings(If fly in the sky(I I had wings, ) could fly in the sky.) not having enough money(If I had enough money,) buy a new computer(I could buy a new computer.) Step Ⅱ Practice
First, show the students some more situations. Then raise some questions and ask them to discuss them according to the situations in groups of 4, using the subjunctive mood. At last, get them to show their sentences.
T: Now I’d like to give you some more situations. Please discuss how to answer the questions using the subjunctive mood in groups of 4. Show them on the screen.
1. Helen has been living with AIDS for many years. Now she is celebrating her birthday with her friends. If you were Helen, what kind of wishes would you make? 2. It is said that a falling star can let your dreams come true. If you saw a falling star, what kind of wishes would you make?
3. Besides a falling star, a magic lamp can also let your dreams come true. If you had a magic lamp, what would you ask it to do for you? After discussion.
T: All right, now who would like to be volunteers to speak out your wishes? Ss: If I were Helen, I would ask for living longer / follow the doctors’ advice. (I wish I had a longer life / I followed the doctors’ advice.)
If I saw a falling star, I would promise to have a flourish future. / I would promise to make my parents happy forever.
(I wish I would have a flourish future / make my parents happy forever.)
If I had a magic lamp, I would ask it help the poor / I would ask it to bring peace to the whole world.
(I wish it could help the poor / bring peace to the whole world.) Step Ⅲ Consolidation
I could buy a new computer. Ask the students to do Exercises 1 ＆ 2 in Discovering useful structures on page 4 and Exercises 1-4 in USING STRUCTURES on page 43. Then check the answers. Step Ⅳ Homework
Prepare for the Listening and Talking on page 41.
The Fourth Period Listening and Speaking
Teaching goals 教学目标 1. Target language 目标语言 a. 重点词汇和短语
traditional, abstract, figurative, photography, dimensional, sculpture, pottery, wood carving, clay figures, paper cutting b. 重点句式 P7
Talk about likes and preferences: I’d prefer... I’d rather... I’d like...
Which would you prefer...? I really prefer... Would you rather...? Would you like ... or...? 2. Ability goals能力目标
Enable the students to express their likes and preferences. 3. Learning ability goals 学能目标
Help the students learn how to express their likes and preferences. Teaching important & difficult points 教学重难点 Teach the students to express their likes and preferences. Teaching methods教学方法
Speaking; making conversation; comparative method. Teaching aids教具准备
A computer, a recorder and some slides.
Teaching procedures & ways 教学过程与方式 Step Ⅰ Listening
Task 1 Do some listening practice on page 41.
At first, ask the students to listen to the tape for the first time to number the presents 1-4. Next, listen to it again to fill in the form. Then listen again and answer the questions in Exercise 3. At last, check the answers with the whole class. Task 2 Do some listening practice on page 44.
Before listening, ask the students to look at the paintings and discuss in what period of Chinese history they were created. Then, listen to the tape for the first time and number the pictures. Next, listen to it again to write the names of the historical periods when they were painted. At last, listen again and list the features. Check the answers with the whole class. Step Ⅱ Talking
Ask the students to discuss the questions in TALKING in pairs.
T: So far, we have learned some knowledge about the art. Today let’s talk about how to express likes and preferences. Now I’ll show you some sentence structures. Please discuss the questions on page 41 in pairs and make up a dialogue. Show some sentence structures on the screen. I’d prefer... I’d rather... I’d like...
Which would you prefer...? I really prefer... Would you rather...? Would you like ... or...
A few minutes later, ask some students to present their dialogues. Sample dialogue 1:
S1: Who are your favorite Chinese artists?
S2: I’d prefer the Chinese famous painter Qi Baishi, who is a master of traditional Chinese realistic painting. He is good at combining two kinds of techniques:
traditional Chinese realistic painting and freehand brushwork in traditional Chinese painting.
S1: Would you like any western artists?
S2: Yes, of course. I prefer the Italian artist Giotto di Bondone. He is well-known for his rediscovery of the third dimension. Sample dialogue 2:
S1: What kind of art do you prefer, traditional or modern?
S2: I’d prefer the traditional styles. Chinese traditional painting dates back to the Neolithic Age about 6,000 years ago. According to Chinese tradition, painting is a delineating form of brush lines. In great paintings, the mark of the brush stroke remains invisible, while the structural action of the strokes goes on. Chinese painting is an important part of Chinese culture. It has a long history. Would you like traditional styles?
S1: No, I’d rather enjoy modern styles. The pictures of this kind are designed according to the artists’ own aesthetic values. Their artistic creations are not restricted by any regulations and rules, and sometimes look strange and absurd. The colors used are simple and bright, providing a strong visual effect. Then what would you like, abstract or figurative?
S2: I’d prefer the abstract styles. And I like the paintings by Picasso best. Some of his paintings are rich, soft colored and beautiful. Others are ugly, cruel and strange. But such paintings allow us to imagine things for ourselves. They force us to ask ourselves, “What does he see that makes him paint like that?” And we begin to look beneath the surface of the things we see. Would you like the abstract styles?
S1: No, I like figurative products very much, such as all kinds of sculptures, stainless steel sculpture, interior ornament, handcraft and so on. I have ever been to a Sand Sculpture Festival. From July 18th to August 1st artists were working daily to build the giant sand sculpture which was ultimately 100 meters long, 100 meters wide and 15 meters tall. Seventy-five international sculptors once again transformed nine million kilos sand into 28 fabulous sand sculptures, creating a fantastic city in sand on the Zeebrugge beach.